Personal preference really. If you are a high or low handicapper say 28- 3 you would hardly be able to tell the difference. Generally, the heavier the shaft, the stiffer it plays. The 60 gram would be whippier, so better suited to a player with a slower swing speed.
Torgue refers to the twisting that happens to the shaft of a club as it is swung. Not only does the shaft of a golf club flex or bend as it is swung but it twists also. A graphite shaft manufacurer that markets a shaft as having low torque for examle, is saying that the shaft is designed to resist twisting as it is swung. The theory being less torque creates a more stable clubhead at impact.
Shaft is the handle of the golf club.
If you are looking to fit a new graphite shaft to your club, I would say it doesn't matter which graphite shaft is the best but it is which one is best for you. Either a Grafalloy or Mitsubishi shaft, but they can be quite expensive.
I graphite shaft compared to a steel shaft on any club will give you more distance. For every club there will be roughly a five yard distance difference. You will hit the graphite further.
it is a taylor made golf shaft that has a smaller dia at the bottom of the grip .
Hosel is the the socket (or neck) in the head of a golf club into which the shaft is inserted.
No, a golf shaft will fit both right and left handed clubs.
Nothing it is a brand of shaft, the specs in all shafts differ
This is simply a cosmetic problem, it will in no way affect the playing performance of the club. If it annoyed you, you could either paint it or put a piece of tape round it.