Hitting a ball far depends mainly the loft a club has, club head speed and hitting it square on the face. But longer length makes your club head speed higher to hit it farther but you lose control.
As in length of club, no. As in distance it is used to hit the ball, no.
To a certain extent yes. In theory, the longer the shaft, the greater the distance is between the pivot, which is the hands, and the club head. Therefore more momentum can be generated.
Not really. Dimples are designed to give the ball stability during flight. The club and the core of the ball determine distance.
yes longer clubs have decreased loft. also longer clubs will generate faster club head speed.
mass of the club
Yes you can move the ball a club length to the side
Yes. It's simple physics, to an extent, the further the force is applied away from the pivot (the hands) the more force is generated. The maximum length of a golf club is 48 inches. It does depend which loft is on the club. Consider two identical drivers, one with a 44 inch shaft and one with a 48 inch shaft, the 48 inch driver would hit the ball father.
Yes, Weight And Length Are Important.
yes, the hotter the ball the softer it becomes it will then affect the COR (coefficient of restitution)
In theory, the lighter the head the faster the club head speed= more distance. However, if heavier weights are placed in the right spot the better placed the centre of gravity is so the further the ball goes.
Distance. The longer the shaft the wider the arc during a swing which translates to more club head speed which translates to more distance.