He stays at first, the shortstop caught the ball and so the batter is out, therefore no one can run.
The runner can run from first once he/she has 'tagged up'. Tagged up means that the runner touched first base after the defensive player has caught the ball.
If the ball goes out of play, sometimes the runner automatically gets to advance a base. If that didn't happen, then yes.
Ground rule double
There is no free base or "advancing" by rule based on this play. Runner tries to advance at his or her own discretion if they take up.
This is ruled a Fielder's Choice (FC) in the scorebook. The batter is charged an at-bat, with no hit issued.
As long as he has tagged up he can advance the whole way to home.
2 from where he started. A simple example would be a fly ball left field, the ball is caught and the fielder flips the ball to a fan in the seats thinking it is the 3rd out. The runner is awarded 3rd base.
No. Runner is part of the field, therefor the ball is in play and the runner is out.
Answer to first part: Run does not count. Explanation: For the runner on third coming home, the run does not count. No run counts on a play where the third out is a force out. There was one out when the play began; batter hits fly ball which is caught for the second out; ball is thrown to first base and the runner there is called out for the third out; this is considered a force out, therefore, the run does not count. Answer to second part: Runner on first is called out. Explanation: Only the defense can appeal that the runner left early. The offense (team at bat) cannot appeal that the runner did NOT leave early. Note: The act of the right fielder throwing to first base is considered the appeal. If the runner is called out, there is no further action possible or necessary. If the runner is called safe, the defense (team in the field) can appeal by the usual process (where the pitcher with the ball addresses the rubber, then steps off the rubber and throws to first), but the same call will be made; why would the umpire change his mind?
That depends on where the 1st baseman fields the ball. If the 1st baseman can field the ball, throw to second, and have enough time to get safely back to the base to catch the return throw, then (s)he will cover. If not, then it is the responsibility of the pitcher.
Yes ... MLB Rule 7.05(g) states that a runner may advance ... "Two bases when, with no spectators on the playing field, a thrown ball goes into the stands, or into a bench (whether or not the ball rebounds into the field), or over or under or through a field fence, or on a slanting part of the screen above the backstop, or remains in the meshes of a wire screen protecting spectators. The ball is dead. When such wild throw is the first play by an infielder, the umpire, in awarding such bases, shall be governed by the position of the runners at the time the ball was pitched; in all other cases the umpire shall be governed by the position of the runners at the time the wild throw was made".
If a runner in fair territory is struck by a batted ball prior to the ball having been fielded, the runner is out.
It is called a sacrifice fly or sac fly. A lot of the time, people hit it iinto deep right field, so they can advance the runner on 3rd home.
If the runner at second is out by being forced out, the batter is not given a base hit .... the play is ruled the same as if the ball was hit to an infielder that threw to second to force the runner. If the runner at second is out by being tagged because they rounded the base too far, the batter is given a base hit.