Nothing special. More than likely the king will take the pawn.
Yes, the king can capture a pawn.
No, a pawn can not check or checkmate a king.
Yes, a pawn can put a king into check.
Yes , a pawn can capture the King given the proper support .
The pawn can checkmate the king but only in conjunction with at least one other piece to protect the pawn from capture by the king and at least one enemy piece placed near the king so that it cuts off any escape avenues the king would have. If a pawn places a king in check and the king is completely surrounded by his own pieces in such a way that its only move would be capture the pawn and if no enemy piece is placed so that it can capture that pawn and if the pawn is protected from capture by one of its own pieces, the pawn has checkmated the king.
No, pawn king plays Battlefield. That is all.
Yes , the pawn has the power and ability to place the opponent's king in check .
Technically, the king is never actually "captured" in chess. That said, a pawn can certainly be used to put a king in "check", though unless the pawn is protected by some other piece the king can simply capture the pawn on its next move.
No , the king remains the king and may not be changed unlike the promotion of a pawn once the pawn reaches the last rank where the pawn may be promoted to any piece other than a king .
Yes. A pawn may checkmate a king in the right situation. Note, however, that technically speaking a king is never "killed" but is checkmated. The game is over before the pawn actually captures or "kills" the king.
A pawn can take any oponents piece