There was a rule in College Football where the defense could not advance the ball after recovering a fumble but it was abolished in 1992.
Yes the football can be advanced by any team Incorrect - the defense cannot advance a fumble in high school football. The play is blown dead upon fumble and the ball spotted where the change in possession occurred.
Yes. The only 'weird' fumble rule is on 4th down. On 4th down, only the fumbler may advance his own fumble. If any other offensive player gets possession, the ball is dead and placed at the spot of the fumble. Since a kickoff is, by definition, not 4th down, it can be advanced.
If the 'kick' is intentional, it is an illegal kick penalty. If it is unintentional, it is a fumble.
ASU beat USC 47 - 34 in 2OT in 1996 (scored TD on offense, returned fumble for TD on defense).
A fumble is when a player with the ball drops it.
Obviously its two points for the returning team.
If there is a facemask on the defense then it should negate any fumble they may have acquired during play.
If the offense recovers the fumble and advances it beyond the original first down line, yes, it is a first down. If the ball is not advanced past the original first down line then the next play is the down after the one that the fumble occurred on. For example, if a running back fumbles the ball on second down and an offensive line man recovers the fumble but does not advance the ball beyond the original first down line, it is then third down. If the defense recovers the fumble, then it is an automatic first down wherever the player that recovered the fumble is downed.
You can advance your own fumble if the play is still alive, you pick up the fumble in a legal position (off your knees and elbows and not being touched by the opponent) and whistle doesnt sound.